What is the course about?
During this course we will analyse why and how the First World War and the ensuing peace treaties modified the map of Europe and the Middle East (plus, to some extent, of Africa and Asia) as well as the balance of power in the region. The focus will be on their immediate as well as their long term political, social and economic consequences, some of which are still felt to this day.
What will we cover?
- The context: the Russian Revolution, the end of the war in the West, the collapse of the empires, and the peace treaties
- Germany: from the Kiel mutiny to the Spartacist uprising and the Munich Soviet Republic: the Republic of Weimar and the repression of revolutionary movements
- Hungary: the short-lived Hungarian Soviet Republic and its legacy
- Italy: from the symbolic revolutions of Gabriele d’Annunzio and Antonio Gramsci to the rise of fascism
- From the Ottoman Empire to the Republic of Turkey: the rise of the Turkish National Movement
- Nationalism in the Middle East and the opposition to the British and French mandates
- Nationalism and revolution in the Caucasus
- The Fourth of May Movement: nationalism and communism in the new China
- Revolutions and counter-revolutions in the Americas: Mexico and Argentina.
What will I achieve?
By the end of this course you should be able to...
Analyse the factors that favoured the emergence of revolutionary actors towards the end of WWI and in its aftermath
Explain why revolutionary movements spread across Germany and why they failed
Assess the long-term importance of nationalism in Turkey and the Middle East
Assess the long-term impact of the Fourth of May Movement in China
Discuss constructively the legacies of the struggle between revolutionary and counter-revolutionary forces with examples from at least three countries.
What level is the course and do I need any particular skills?
Some background knowledge about European history would be useful but is not essential.
A good standard of English is required.
How will I be taught, and will there be any work outside the class?
The course will be a combination of lectures, backed by PowerPoint presentations, and discussions in large and small groups. Handouts will be given in each class. Material to prepare the discussions will be available on the course website.
Are there any other costs? Is there anything I need to bring?
Please bring a pen and paper.
Books will be recommended but students are not required to purchase them if they do not wish.
This is not an exam course.
There are no extra costs.
When I've finished, what course can I do next?
Other courses in French and European history. Please see the website.