What is the course about?
During this course we will analyse why and how the First World War and the ensuing peace treaties modified the map of Europe and the Middle East (plus, to some extent, of Africa and Asia) as well as the balance of power in the region. The focus will be on their immediate as well as their long term political, social and economic consequences, some of which are still felt to this day.
What will we cover?
- The European scene before the war
- The immediate political consequences of the war
- The peace treaties:
- The Paris Peace Conference, the Treaty of Versailles with Germany and its consequences
- The Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye with Austria and the Treaty of Trianon with Hungary
- The Treaty of Neuilly-sur-Seine with Bulgaria
- The treaties of Sèvres with the Ottoman Empire and of Lausanne with Turkey
- The creation of a new world order: the League of Nations and its shortcomings
- New countries, new problems? The consequences of the treaties
- in Central and Eastern Europe
- in the Middle East
- Memories of the treaties in Central and Eastern Europe.
What will I achieve?
By the end of this course you should be able to...
Analyse the key principles that guided the Big Four (France, Britain, Italy, and US) during the rounds of negotiations
Discuss constructively the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles on Germany
List the new countries that emerged out of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Analyse the new balance of power in Europe
Assess the long-term impact of the division of the Middle East
Discuss constructively why the legacies of the peace treaties are still vivid in parts of Central and Eastern Europe.
What level is the course and do I need any particular skills?
Some background knowledge about European history would be useful but is not essential.
A good standard of English is required.
How will I be taught, and will there be any work outside the class?
The course will be a combination of lectures, backed by PowerPoint presentations, and discussions in large and small groups. Handouts will be given in each class. Material to prepare the discussions will be available on the course website.
Are there any other costs? Is there anything I need to bring?
Please bring a pen and paper.
Books will be recommended but students are not required to purchase them if they do not wish.
This is not an exam course.
There are no extra costs.
When I've finished, what course can I do next?
HH8061919: Revolutions and counter revolutions in Europe and beyond.
General information and advice on courses at City Lit is available from the Student Centre and Library on Monday to Friday from 12:00 – 19:00.
See the course guide for term dates and further details