What is the course about?
In thinking about the nature of religion, NISHIDA Kitaro and NISHITANI Keiji drew on the Buddhist concept of ‘nothingness’ (mu, emptiness, shunyata). In a parallel examination of Christian mysticism and Zen Buddhism, they developed a conception of God as the ‘Absolute’, ‘All’, ‘One’ or ‘Nothing’. This conception will be examined across Christian theology and Zen Buddhist philosophy.
“ … we always encounter the absolute in our own self-negation, reflecting the paradox of God ... the self always encounters the absolute as the paradox of God himself – that is, as the self-negation of the absolute one.” NISHIDA Kitaro, ‘Nothingness and the Religious Worldview’ (1949).
What will we cover?
• The background to the Kyoto School in Japanese and European philosophy, in particular the thinking of NISHIDA Kitaro in ‘Nothingness and the Religious Worldview’ and NISHITANI Keiji in ‘Religion and Nothingness’.
• The conception of God as the Absolute or One in Christian and Greek thought in contrast to the absolute as emptiness/nothingness in Buddhist thought
• The question of the ‘nothingness’ of God and the figure of Christ.
What will I achieve?
By the end of this course you should be able to...
Discuss, simply, the meaning of 'nothingness' (in the Kyoto School) and its relevance to their conception of God.
What level is the course and do I need any particular skills?
This is an introductory course that assumes no specific philosophical learning or ability other than an interest in thinking philosophically. A willingness to engage in thinking-through and discussing ideas will be of benefit.
How will I be taught, and will there be any work outside the class?
The course will run in a seminar format with brief tutor presentations followed by Q&A and open discussion. There may be some small-group formats for discussion based on topics arising from short readings.
Are there any other costs? Is there anything I need to bring?
No other costs. Participants may wish to take notes with pen & paper, laptop or tablet according to their preference.
When I've finished, what course can I do next?
See City Lit's website for full details of philosophy courses coming up.