The Great (European) Powers and the making of the modern Middle East, 1914-1948.

Course Dates: 03/05/22 - 26/07/22
Time: 14:45 - 16:45
Location: Online
How and why did the countries of the Middle East emerge, and what were the consequences of that process? What was the role of Britain and France? What impact did the US and the USSR have on the region?
This course will be delivered online. See the ‘What is the course about?’ section in course details for more information.
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Full fee £239.00 Senior fee £191.00 Concession £105.00

This course has now started

Course Code: HEH74

Started Tue, day, 03 May - 26 Jul '22

Duration: 12 sessions (over 13 weeks)

Please note: We offer a wide variety of financial support to make courses affordable. Just visit our online Help Center for more information on a range of topics including fees, online learning and FAQs.

What is the course about?

This course is about the creation of the Middle East, from the Great War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire to the creation of Israel in 1948. In order to understand how different states emerged and the consequences of that process, we will have to analyse the interests and actions of various actors, beginning with Britain and France, the two powers who divided up the region among themselves at the end of the First World War. The local elites, who sought to emancipate themselves from the tutelage of London and Paris, must also be taken into account. Finally, the irruption of the United States and the Soviet Union in the region will have to be considered.

This is a live online course. You will need:
- Internet connection. The classes work best with Chrome.
- A computer with microphone and camera is best (e.g. a PC/laptop/iMac/MacBook), or a tablet/iPad/smart phone/iPhone if you don't have a computer.
- Earphones/headphones/speakers.
We will contact you with joining instructions before your course starts.

What will we cover?

The issues covered will include, among others:

The Ottoman Empire in the Great War
The British and French projects to divide the Ottoman Empire
The peace treaties and the system of the mandates
Conflicting identities across the region
The French in Syria and Lebanon
The British in Palestine
The British protectorate of Transjordan
From Mandatory Iraq to the Kingdom of Iraq
The Arabian peninsula
The economic transformation of the region
Rising tensions in Palestine
The Second World War in the Middle East and its impact
The weakening of Britain across the region
The Palestinian question after the Second World War.

What will I achieve?
By the end of this course you should be able to...

Analyse the ambitions of Britain and France in the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire
Analyse the reasons for the Balfour Declaration and its impact
Explain the system of the mandates
Discuss constructively the reasons for and the consequences of the Great Syrian Revolt
Analyse the positions of the local elites vis-à-vis Britain in Iraq and Transjordan
Assess the impact of the Second World War on the region
Discuss constructively the positions and ambitions of the different actors involved in Palestine after the Second World War.

What level is the course and do I need any particular skills?

Some background knowledge about the history of the Middle East would be useful but is not essential.
A good standard of English is required.

How will I be taught, and will there be any work outside the class?

Students will have access to documents (book chapters, articles, videos) to prepare each class. These will be available on the website for the course.

Are there any other costs? Is there anything I need to bring?

No. Just writing materials.

When I've finished, what course can I do next?

Other courses in European and Global history. Please see the City Lit website.

Sebastien Ardouin

After under- and post-graduate studies in Politics and History in both France and the UK, Sébastien settled in London. He has been teaching at the City Lit since 2001. Over the years, he has covered many different subjects, including politics, history, economy and culture of Latin America, French modern history, European history, global issues and current affairs. In his classes, Sébastien hopes to give learners the skills, tools and information that can help them not only to make sense of the world we live in but also to understand the origins of the key issues we face.

Please note: We reserve the right to change our tutors from those advertised. This happens rarely, but if it does, we are unable to refund fees due to this. Our tutors may have different teaching styles; however we guarantee a consistent quality of teaching in all our courses.